Welcome to the Pentecost edition of our newsletter.
As Cardijn recalled of Pope John XXIII, “He spoke so freely of a new Pentecost!” Like John XXIII, he hoped that Vatican II would open the way to “a new Pentecost proclaiming the way of union and peace” to the world.
In this spirit, the Cardijn Community has also long sought to promote a “New Pentecost” in the Church and world. And this year, the Catholic movement, Pax Romana – ICMICA is organising an online celebration of Pentecost on Sunday 31 May, albeit at 11.00pm Australian Eastern Time.
From a historical perspective, we also recall the 70th anniversary of the death of Sillon movement founder, Marc Sangnier, a major influence on Cardijn, on Pentecost Sunday 1950. And we would particularly like to remember YCW cooperative pioneer, Bob Maybury AO, who died at the age of 92 earlier this month.
And we have lots more reading – and watching – below.
Laudato Si’ five years on
This month marks the fifth anniversary of Pope Francis’ important encyclical Laudato Si’ on “Care for Our Common Home,” updating Catholic Social Teaching on environmental as well as labour and other issues.
Brian Lawrence has a detailed analysis of the encyclical in his article “The Economics of Laudato Si’: No surprises here” published by the Australian Catholic Council for Employment Relations.”
Meanwhile, Parramatta YCW are taking action as part of Laudato Si’ Week, writes youth engagement officer, Thomas Magri in Catholic Outlook.
“We are taking action with the introduction of a range of climate justice projects including vegan cooking classes, environmental documentary reviews, social inquiries and reviews and engaging our Facebook community to keep everyone updated,” Thomas writes.
Laudato Si’ five years on (Australian Cardijn Institute)
RIP YCW Coop pioneer, Bob Maybury AO
Former YCW leader, Bob Maybury, a leading figure in the history of the Victorian YCW co-operatives, passed away on 16 May, aged 92.
Bob joined the Deepdene YCW leaders group c.1943, and afterwards became a regional YCW committee member. Having gained accountancy qualifications through the Christian Brothers North Melbourne night school, in 1952 Fr Lombard invited him to become the new manager of the YCW Cooperative Housing Society group.
RIP Robert Bernard Maybury AO (CCA Newsletter, May 2020)
Bob Maybury on working in the YCW cooperative movement (Uniting Church/Vimeo)
Remembering Marc Sangnier, founder of the Sillon movement
This week we commemorate the 70th anniversary of the death of Marc Sangnier, the founder of the French democratic movement, Le Sillon (The Furrow), which was the precursor and prototype for the YCW and its Specialised Catholic Action counterparts.
Inspired by Pope Leo XIII’s encyclicals on the worker situation (Rerum Novarum) and Church-state relations, Sangnier and a group of students at the Stanislas (University) College in Paris launched a social action “study circle” in 1893 that became known as “The Crypt” after the basement in which they met. Here they developed a method of “democratic education” that in many respects anticipated the “see-judge-act” of the YCW.
By the early 1900s, they had begun to promote similar study circles across France, which took the name “Le Sillon” or “The Furrow” after the magazine they also founded. Cardijn first read this magazine and drew inspiration from it when he began to launch study circles for young workers in Belgium in 1912.
Marc Sangnier – 70 years (Cardijn Research)
ACI Board member, Kevin Vaughan, with a photo of Marc Sangnier during a visit to the old Sillon office in Paris in 2006.
Cardijn and Karol Wojtyla
This marks also marks the centenary of the birth of Karol Wojtyla, better known today as St (Pope) John Paul II.
The Polish pontiff was one of five 20th century popes (future pope in this instance) personally known to Cardijn. Indeed, young Fr Karol Wojtyla first came to visit and study the YCW during a series of summer visits to Belgium and France in 1947-48. In fact, they met on a number of occasions both in Brussels and Rome as John Paul II affectionately recalled in 1985.
The YCW collaborator, Fr François Houtart, who later drafted the first version of the Introduction to the Vatican II Constitution Gaudium et Spes, accompanied Wojtyla on his visits to factories and mines in Belgium’s Walloon region.
Wojtyla was also close to the English YCW leader, Pat Keegan, who became the first lay person to address Vatican II.
Universal solidarity and brotherhood: Cardijn and John Paul II (Cardijn Research)
Karol Wojtyla (centre front) as a 21-year-old young quarry worker during World War II.
John Maguire: Memories of Cardijn, Keegan and Vatican II
John Maguire, who was a Brisbane YCW chaplain during the 1950s and later a historian at James Cook University in Townsville, was studying in Rome during Vatican II.
There he met Cardijn and indeed was with Cardijn on the day he received his red cardinal’s hat from Pope Paul VI. John also became close friends with Pat Keegan and upon Pat’s request, Pope Paul appointed him as “ecclesiastical assistant” to the lay auditors at Vatican II.
John thus became one of very few Australians (apart from the bishops) to have an official role at the Council. Indeed, he was present during the famous “Black Week” that almost derailed the Council’s work in 1964.
Now living in retirement in Brisbane, John recently shared his memories with the ACI team in Brisbane.
WATCH THE VIDEO
John Maguire: Memories of Cardijn, Keegan and Vatican II (Australian Cardijn Institute/YouTube)
A business founded on Catholic Social Teaching?
The Archdiocese of San Francisco recently hosted a webinar in honour of Servant of God Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta, a simple parish priest who against great odds organized his followers to put Catholic social teaching to work and founded the world’s largest worker-owned cooperative business in the world, the Mondragon corporation.
Fr Arizmendi, as he was known, was the force behind Mondragon Corporation, which today exceeds $A20 billion in revenue and employs over 75,000 worker-owners across the globe through its nearly 300 companies across an array of sectors incuding finance, manufacturing, education, retail, and consulting.
Speakers were Dr Stephen. A. Cortright, Professor of Philosophy and Tutor, Integral Curriculum of Liberal Arts, at Saint Mary’s College of California and Jesus Maria Herrasti (above), who knew Fr Arizmendi, who has held various executive positions within companies of the Mondragon Corporation across multiple sectors including being Chairman of Mondragon Corporation. Watch from 1:23:00 of the video for where Herrasti highlights the role of the YCW in the foundation of the Mondragon cooperatives.
WATCH THE VIDEO
A Patron Saint for Cooperatives and Entrepreneurs (Archdiocese of San Francisco Office of Human Life and Dignity/YouTube)
Three touchstones of the genuine YCW: Cardijn
By the early 1930s, the YCW had begun to spread to other continents and it had already inspired the birth of several other “Specialised Catholic Action” movements, including the YCS. This explosive growth also presented a major problem: what was an authentic YCW?
In this important but never previously translated 1932 article, Cardijn answers this question in terms of “three inseparable objectives or three touchstones,” that allow the YCW to be distinguished from any “fake or caricature,” namely that:
– The YCW aims to transform (or “conquer”) the mass of young workers
– The YCW aims to re-Christianize the real life of working-class youth.
– The YCW aims to reclaim the milieu or environment in which the mass of young workers work and live.
It is also highly significant that first in Cardijn’s list is the transformation of the “masses” of young worker.
Indeed, it was the YCW’s concern for the masses that first won the support of Pope Pius XI. “At last, someone has come to speak to me about the working masses,” he told Cardijn in 1925.
READ THE ARTICLE
Joseph Cardijn, Three touchstones of the genuine YCW (www.josephcardijn.com)
World War II martyrs on both sides
World War II in Europe ended 75 years ago in May 1945. Right to the end, however, YCS, YCS and other Catholic Action leaders continued to die in Nazi concentration camps.
The 23-year-old French YCW leader, Marcel Carrier, who had been sent to Germany as forced labour, was one of the last, dying at the Flossenburg concentration on 6 May 1945 – just two days before the end of fighting. Married at eighteen, he was survived by his wife and three young daughters.
The French priest, René Giraudet, whose youthful ambition to become a missionary, had been thwarted by ill health, had volunteered to go to Germany to work as a clandestine chaplain to the workers who had been sent there.
On the German side, Erich Klausener became head of German Catholic Action in 1928 and took a strong stand against the nazification of Germany during the 1930s. He was assassinated during the Light of the Long Knives in 1934.
World War II martyrs on both sides (Australian Cardijn Institute)
L to R: Marcel Carrier, René Giraudet and Erich Klausener
Training Catholic Activists in Now Zealand
This month we have two new reviews of Rod Orange’s book, “See, Judge, Act, Training Catholic Activists in New Zealand, 1939-1983,” which is a history of various Cardijn-inspired groups including the Catholic Youth Movement (CYM), the YCW, YCS and the Christian Family Movement (CFM).
“It is more than just a history; it is an analysis of the foundational principles behind the ‘See, Judge, Act’ theology, combining Catholic social teaching with leadership training In order to reform society,” writes Pat Lythe, a former Parish and Pastoral Services Group leader in Auckland diocese.
“For more than 10 years, Rod Orange researched, wrote and has finally produced an amazing history,” writes former YCW chaplain, Jim Consedine, in another review. “What a labour of love this book is.”
Training Catholic activists in New Zealand (Australian Cardijn Institute)
Reflection: Negotiating the pandemic in the light of Vatican II
“Our nation and our church stand at a pivotal moment as we ponder the crucial issue of how religious communities can contribute to the common good in a time of pandemic and bitter partisan political division,” writes Cardinal Blase Cupich of Chicago. “The Vatican II vision of church, state and politics provides a secure pathway as we face the issues of pandemic and partisanship that are becoming destructive of our national unity.
“The intense debates in recent days about religious freedom versus the right of the state to protect public health provide a key example. For the church, the right to public worship lies at the core of its mission and identity. Similarly, for the state, the protection of its citizens is at the heart of its raison d’être. Too often, the public debate has focused on these sets of rights as if they were absolute.
“One way to break this seeming impasse may be found in the focus in “Gaudium et Spes” on the common good, which recognizes the transcendent goal of each of these claims: public worship and the defense of human life. Neither public health and the defense of human life nor the right to public worship can be ignored.
“Both must be integrated into the larger constellation of issues surrounding our response to the pandemic, such as the economic suffering that our country is enduring, the vulnerability of older people and the ways in which people of color are disproportionately suffering during this crisis.
Cardinal Cupich: How Vatican II can help us navigate the politics of a pandemic (America Magazine)
Pandemic board game / Padaguan / Wikipedia / CC BY-SA 4.0